Dr. Fazıl Küçük Medicine Faculty Marks World Rabies Day
Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU) Dr. Fazıl Küçük Medicine Faculty academician Assist. Prof. Dr. Mümtaz Güran marked the 28th of September World Rabies by releasing a statement aimed towards increasing awareness about rabies, one of the oldest and most deadly illnesses in human history.
Assist. Prof. Güran noted that despite no cure for rabies existing, it is an illness that can be prevented. Notwithstanding this fact, each year 55.000 people across the world die from rabies and half of this number is comprised of children under the age of 15. Assist. Prof. Dr. Güran’s statement which aims to create awareness about the illness is as follows:
It is thought that rabies does not exist in our country. This could lead to people ignoring rabies and the risks associated with the illness. Rabies can be transferred from one country to another via the transportation of animals or migrating wild animals. This can cause unexpected epidemics. Therefore even if the level of danger is low raising awareness about this possibility is important. However, the fact that rabies is a preventable disease is pleasing. Periodical vaccination of animals is important. Therefore we must protect ourselves, our pets and our community by vaccinating our animals. In order for us to stay amongst the countries that don’t suffer from rabies, the Veterinary Department has an important role to play by carefully implementing the existing laws and by creating awareness about the previously mentioned facts and factors.
Rabies is a viral disease that is generally transported to humans via warm blooded animals. It can be found amongst wild mammals such as jackals, wolves and foxes or domestic mammals such as dogs, cats, cows and donkeys. The main way to get infected with rabies is by getting bitten. In addition, rabies can be transported via the spit of infected animal.
Rabies is a disease that can be prevented by vaccination. Currently, there are more than 150 countries trying to tackle rabies. Vaccinating dogs that result in 99% of the cases is of the utmost importance If all dog owners were to regularly vaccinate their dogs this would prevent rabies. Human vaccinations are also available. These vaccinations are especially vital for those who make up the high risk group of people (people who are regularly in the wild, people who regularly travel to countries with rabies, people who work in laboratories and children).
Prophylaxis vaccinations are given to individuals who have been exposed to any kind of animal bite. The immediate cleansing of wounds with soap and water also increases protection.
Once the symptoms of rabies begin to show, rabies is deadly for both humans and animals. The risk of rabies greater for children as they need to inform an adult when they are bitten. If bitten, an individual must immediately wash the wound with soap and water for 15 minutes and call a healthcare organization. If the doctor thinks a vaccination program is necessary, the program must be followed religiously. Wound treatment and rabies antivirus can be lifesavers as no treatment is possible after the symptoms of the disease show up. If your pet gets bitten, you must consult a vet.